Some publications that reference or use our products

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Therese E. Johnston, Ann E. Barr, Samuel C.K. Lee: Biomechanics of recumbent cycling in adolescents with cerebral palsy with and without use of a fixed shank guide. Gait and Posture 27, Issue 4, May 2008

Arvind Ramanujam, Gail F Forrest, Sue Ann Sisto: Methodological variability in evaluating gait dynamics: A comparative study. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (278-279)

Melany WestWell, Sylvia Ounpuu, Katherine Bell: Abnormal Electromyographic Signals in the Adult Cerebral Palsy Population. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (258-259)

Daniel P Tomlinson, Bavornrat Vanadurongwan, Frank Henn, Sherry I Bacus, Mark Lenhoff, Eric Chehab, Ronald S. Adler, Howard J. Hillstrom, Frank A. Cordasco: A Spectral Analysis of Healthy Rotator Cuff Musculature Electromyographic Activity: Surface and Fine Wire. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (256-257)

Kevin M. Cooney, Dustin A Bruening, Frank, L Buczek, James O Saunders: The Relationship Between Peak Isometrics Quadriceps Torque and Knee Flexion Angles during Crouch Gait. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (228-229)

Glen Baird, MD., Mark McMulkin, PhD., Andi Gordon, MPT: Posterior Tibialis EMG for a Patient with a Closed Head Injury for Treatment Planning. GCMAS, 13th Annual Meeting, 2008. (184-185)

M.S. Wong, C.Y. Cheng, B.K.W Ng, T.P.Lam, S.W.Sin, L.F. Lee-Shum, H.K. Chow, Y.P. Tam: The effect of rigid versus flexible spinal orthosis on the gait pattern of patients with adolecent idiopathic scoliosis. Gait and Posture 27 (2008) 189-195

Christopher A. Zaino, Sarah Westcott McCoy: Reliability and comparison of electromyographic and kinetic measurements during a standing reach task in children with and without cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture 27 (2008) 128-137

Richard T Lauer, Carrie A Stackhouse, Patricia A Shewolis, Brian T Smith, Carole Tucker, James McCarthy: A time-frequency based electromyography analysis technique for use in cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture 26 (2007) pp 420-427

Sofia Heintz, Elena M Gutierrez-Farewik: Static optimization ofmuscle forces during gait in comparison to EMG-to-force processing appraoch. Gait and Posture 26 (2007) 279-288

A. J. Thexton, A. W. Crompton, and R. Z. German: Electromyographic activity during the reflex pharyngeal swallow in the pig: Doty and Bosma (1956) revisited. J Appl Physiol 102: 587-600, 2007.

Therese E Johnston, Ann E Barr and Samuel CK Lee: Biomechanics of Submaximal Recumbent Cycling in Adolescents With and Without Cerebral Palsy. Physical Therapy 2007;87:572.

Vijaya Krishnamoorthy, John P Scholz, and Mark L Latash: The use of flexible arm muscle synergies to perform an isometric stabilization task. Clin Neurophysiol. 2007 March; 118(3): 525–537.

C. Patten, J.P. Jaramillo, A.P. Grogan, J.K. Teraoka, G. Chen: Locomotor training speed influences lower extremity motor activation in clinically motor complete spinal cord injury. ISPGR 18th, Burlington, VT 2007.

Johnston, Therese E, Barr, Ann E, Lee, Samuel CK: Biomechanics of Submaximal Recumbent Cycling in Adolescents With and Without Cerebral Palsy. PHYS THER 2007 87: 572-585

Patrick Salviaa, Stéphane Sobczaka, Victor Sholukhaa,b, Véronique Feipela, Marcel Roozea and Serge Van Sint Jana: Knee kinematics Validation of a re-orientation technique of knee axis. Ninth International Symposium on the 3D analysis of Human Movement, June 28-30th, 2006.

Scott A Kimmel, Michael H Schwartz: A baseline of dynamic muscle function during gait. Gait and Posture 23 (2006) pp 211-221.

Antonio J. Salazar and Ricardo J. Bravo: Managing EMG signals for control strategies for a Multi-Functional Interface for Patients with Severe Motor Disabilities. ITAB-2006, 26-28 October 2006, Congress Center Du Lac, Ioannina

Colin S. Gregersen, M. L. Hull, Nils A. Hakansson: How Changing the Inversion/Eversion Foot Angle Affects the Nondriving Intersegmental Knee Moments and the Relative Activation of the Vastii Muscles in Cycling. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, June 2006, Volume 128, Issue 3, pp. 391-398

Michael G. Michlitsch, Susan A. Rethlefsen, Robert M. Kay: The Contributions of Anterior and Posterior Tibialis Dysfunction to Varus Foot Deformity in Patients with Cerebral Palsy. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American). 2006;88:1764-1768.

Daniel E. Lieberman, David A. Raichlen, Herman Pontzer, Dennis M. Bramble, Elizabeth Cutright-Smith: The human gluteus maximus and its role in running. The Journal of Experimental Biology 209 (2006), 2143-2155

Kyla A. Russell, Riann M. Palmieri, Steven M. Zinder, Christopher D. Ingersoll: Sex Differences in Valgus Knee Angle During a Single-Leg Drop Jump. Journal of Athletic Training 2006;41(2):166–171

Brian E. Moyer: Slip and fall risks: pre-slip gait contributions and post-slip response effects. PhD Thesis, University of Pittsburgh 2006.

Wendy J. Hurd, Terese L. Chmielewski, Lynn Snyder-Mackler: Perturbation-enhanced neuromuscular training alters muscle activity in female athletes. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, Volume 14, Number 1 / January, 2006, Pages 60-69.

Scott, Allison C. MD; Scarborough, Nancy PT: The Use of Dynamic EMG in Predicting the Outcome of Split Posterior Tibial Tendon Transfers in Spastic Hemiplegia. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 26(6):777-780, November/December 2006.

Michael E. Hahn, Heng-Ju Lee, Li-Shan Chou: Increased muscular challenge in older adults during obstructed gait. Gait & Posture 22 (2005) pp 356-361.

Murat Bozkurt, Güneş Yavuzer, Ergin Tönük, Behzat Kentel: Dynamic function of the fibula. Gait analysis evaluation of three different parts of the shank after fibulectomy: proximal, middle and distal. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Volume 125, Number 10 / December, 2005

Nils A. Hakansson, M. L. Hull: Functional Roles of the Leg Muscles When Pedaling in the Recumbent Versus the Upright Position. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, April 2005, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp. 301-310

Kate E. Webster, PhD, Joanne E. Wittwer, BAppSc(Phty), Jason O’Brien, FRCS(C) and Julian A. Feller, FRACS: Gait Patterns After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Are Related to Graft Type. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 33:247-254 (2005)

Armanda Stéphane, Mercier Moise, Watelain Eric, Patte Karine, Pelissier Jacques, Rivier François: A comparison of gait in spinal muscular atrophy, type II and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Gait and Posture 21 (2005) 369–378

Michael E. Hahn, Heng-Ju Lee, Li-Shan Chou: Increased muscular challenge in older adults during obstructed gait. Gait & Posture 22 (2005) 356–361

J. C. Waite, D. J. Beard, C. A. F. Dodd, D. W. Murray and H. S. Gill: In vivo kinematics of the ACL-deficient limb during running and cutting. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, Volume 13, Number 5 / July, 2005

Terese L Chmielewski, Wendy J Hurd, Katherine S Rudolph, Michael J Axe and Lynn Snyder-Mackler: Perturbation Training Improves Knee Kinematics and Reduces Muscle Co-contraction After Complete Unilateral Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture. Physical Theraphy Vol. 85, No. 8, August 2005, pp. 740-749.

Michael H. Schwartz, Joyce P. Trost, Roy A. Wervey. Measurement and management of errors in quantitive gait data. Gait and Posture 20 (2004), pp 196-203

Salazar, A.J.; De Castro, O.C.; Bravo, R.J: Novel approach for spastic hemiplegia classification through the use of support vector machines. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2004. 26th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Volume 1, Issue , 1-5 Sept. 2004 pp 466-469 Vol.1

Kay, Robert M. MD, Rethlefsen, Susan A. PT, Kelly, John P. MD, Wren, Tishya A. L. PhD: Predictive Value of the Duncan-Ely Test in Distal Rectus Femoris Transfer. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 24(1):59-62, January/February 2004.

B. D. Jackson, A. J. Teichtahl1, M. E. Morris1, A. E. Wluka, S. R. Davis2 and F. M. Cicuttini: The effect of the knee adduction moment on tibial cartilage volume and bone size in healthy women. Rheumatology 2004; 43: 311-314.

Cheng PT, Chen CL, Wang CM, Hong WH: Leg muscle activation patterns of sit-to-stand movement in stroke patients. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2004;83:10-16.

Dennis M. Bramble, Daniel E. Lieberman: Endurance running and the evolution of Homo. NATURE, Vol 432, 18 November 2004

Susanne M. Morton, Amy J. Bastian: Prism Adaptation During Walking Generalizes to Reaching and Requires the Cerebellum. J Neurophysiol 92: 2497-2509, 2004.

Daniel E. Lieberman, Gail E. Krovitz, Franklin W. Yates, Maureen Devlin, Marisa St. Claire: Effects of food processing on masticatory strain and craniofacial growth in a retrognathic face. Journal of Human Evolution 46 (2004) 655–677

Heng-Ju Lee, Michael E. Hahn, Sentaro Koshida and Li-Shan Chou: Identifying muscular challenge during locomotion in the elderly: An EMG study. American Society of Biomechanics (2003)

John P. Holden, W. Scott Selbie, Steven J. Stanhope: A proposed test to support the clinical movement analysis laboratory accreditation process. Gait and Posture 17 (2003) 205-213

Halliday S, Zavatsky A, Hase K: Forces in the lower limbs during ergometer rowing. American Society of Biomechanics (2003)

Myers, K.A.; McGuire, J.R.; Long, J.T.; Harris, G.F: Biomechanical study and objective evaluation of muscle co-contraction following chemodenervation. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2003. Proceedings of the 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Volume 2, Issue , 17-21 Sept. 2003 Page(s): 1815 - 1818 Vol.2

Sabine M. Verschueren, Stephan P. Swinnen, Kaat Desloovere, Jacques Duysens: Effects of tendon vibration on the spatiotemporal characteristics of human locomotion. Experimental Brain Research, Issue Volume 143, Number 2 / March, 2002, pp 231-239

Yngve, David A. M.D., Scarborough, Nancy P.T., Goode, Barry M.S., Haynes, Richard M.D: Rectus and Hamstring Surgery in Cerebral Palsy: A Gait Analysis Study of Results by Functional Ambulation Level. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 22(5):672-676, September/October 2002.

S. J. Stanhope: Technical and methodological issues in clinical gait analysis. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S185 September 2002.

P. Filipetti, E. Kolanowski, B. Barbedette, S. Palumbo, P. Menei, P. Decq: Selective and peripheral partial neurotomy in crouch gait - first results. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S122 September 2002.

J.A. Stebbins, M.E. Harrington, N. Thompson, T.N. Theologis: Split tibialis anterior transfer and flexors lengthening guided by dynamic electromyography. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S122 September 2002.

Dorociak, Robin: A comparison of normal kinematics for vicon clinical manager and plug in gait. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S102 September 2002.

Talaty, Mukul, Esquenazi, Alberto, Seliktar, Rahamim: Assesment of compensation response and synergy in braced walking. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S99 September 2002.

Hebert. David, Gortom, George: Effect of pelvic depth and pelvic width measurements on hip kinematics and Kinetics. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S97 September 2002.

Schwartz, Miachael, Rozumalski, Adam: Kinematically constrained joint parameters II: lower extremity motions. Gait and Posture 16 Supp 1, S63 September 2002.

Lewek M.; Rudolph K.; Axe M.; Snyder-Mackler: The effect of insufficient quadriceps strength on gait after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Clinical Biomechanics, Volume 17, Number 1, January 2002 , pp. 56-63(8)

Bryan T. Kelly, MD, Sherry I. Backus, PT, Russell F. Warren, MD and Riley J. Williams, MD: Electromyographic Analysis and Phase Definition of the Overhead Football Throw. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 30:837-844 (2002).

Tara M. Ruttley, Paul E. Colosky, Jr., Susan P. James: A Gravity-Independent Constant Force Resistive Exercise Unit. BIOMED 2001 - TP01BIOMED15.

Policy, James F. M.D, Torburn, Leslie M.S., P.T., Rinsky, Lawrence A. M.D., Rose, Jessica Ph.D: Electromyographic Test to Differentiate Mild Diplegic Cerebral Palsy and Idiopathic Toe-Walking. Neuromuscular Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 21(6):784-789, November/December 2001.

Van Bogart, J.; McGuire, J.; Harris, G.F: Upper extremity motion assessment in adult ischemic stroke patients: a 3-D kinematic model. Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 2001. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Volume 2, Issue , 2001 Page(s): 1190 - 1192 vol.2

Sue Ann Sisto, Ph.D., P.T.: The Human Performance and Movement Analysis Laboratory: Investigating Novel Ways of Overcoming Disability. KMRREC Innovations/Summer 2001

Wen-Lan Wu, Fong-Chin Su, Yuh-Min Cheng, Pen-Ju Huang, You-Li Chou, Cheng-Kuo Chou: Gait analysis after ankle arthrodesis. Gait and Posture 11 (2000) pp 54-61.

Chii-Jeng Lin, Lan-Yuen Guo, Fong-Chin Su, You-Li Chou, Rong-Ju Cherng: Common abnormal kinetic patterns of the knee in gait in spastic diplegia of cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture 11 (2000), pp224-232.

Robin D. Dorociak, Molly P. Nichols, Michael S. Orendurff: A comparison of knee alignment device and dynakad thigh rotation offsets. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

David A. Herbert, George E. Gorton: Comparison of static processing methods in vicon clinical manager. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

Maria Lebiedowska, John F. Fisk: Quantifying spasticity in patients with stiff-knee gait. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

G. Harris, J. Klein, D Janisse, C. Ped, D. Brown, Y. Shu, J. Wertsch: Effect of rocker-soles on lower extremity dynamic EMG patterns. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

Olfat Mohamed, Kay Cerny: The effect of the on-track patellofemoral brace on the EMG activity of the vastus medialis obique and vastus lateralis muscles. GCMAS 5, April 12-15, 2000.

Gabriel D. A, Matsumoto J. Y, Davis D. H, Currier, B. L, An K-N, Ph.D: Cervical polar force and Electromyographic activity. American Society of Biomechanics (1999)

Schwartz, M: Determination of kinematically consistent joint centers from segment orientations. Proceedings of the First Joint Volume 1, Issue , 1999 Page(s):524 vol.1

Steven Irby, Kenton Kaufman PhD: Electromagnetic Interference Susceptibility of Electromagnetic Equipment. Presented at GCMAS 1999, Dallas, TX. Gait and Posture 9 (1999) pp 146.

Suzanne E Halliday, Lori A Karol: Who Benefits from a Rectus Transfer? Presented at GCMAS 1998, San Diego, CA. Gait and Posture 7 (1998) pp 181.

Caroline O'Keefe: Muscle Activation Patterns in the Trans Tibial Amputee. Monash Rehabilitation Technology Research Unit, 1998.

Park Bk, Song HR, Vankoski S, Moore C, Dias L: Gait Electromyography in Myelomeningocele at the Sacral Level. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1997; 78: 471-5.

Ziad O. Abu-Faraj, Gautam Sampath, Peter A. Smith, Sahar Hassani, Gerald F. Harris: A Clinical System for Analysis of Pediatric Foot and Ankle Motion. Gait and Posture 5 (1997) pp 149.

Jenni Dabelstein, Anita Bagley: Kinematics, kinetics and EMG of toe-walking - Part I: Analysis of Toe-Walking in Normal Children Authors: Gait and Posture, Volume 5, Number 2, April 1997, pp. 156-156(1)

Sisto S.A, Redling J.D, Fransisco G.E, Horton J.A, Averill A, Andrews J.F, Engler P.E: The Impact of Gait Analysis on the Application of BOTOX Treatment for Spasticity Management: A Case Study. Gait and Posture, Volume 5, Number 2, April 1997, pp. 167-167(1)

S Ounpuu, P.A. DeLuca, K.J. Bell, R.B. Davis: Using surface electrodes for the evaluation of the rectus femoris, vastus medialis and vastus lateralis muscles in children with cerebral palsy. Gait and Posture, Volume 5, June 1997, pp. 211-216.

Karol Lori A. M.D, Concha M Cecilia B.S., Johnston, Charles E. II M.D: Gait Analysis and Muscle Strength in Children with Surgically Treated Clubfeet. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 17(6):790-795, November/December 1997.

Chen, J.-J.J., Nan-Ying Yu: The validity of stimulus-evoked EMG for studying muscle fatigue characteristics of paraplegic subjects during dynamic cycling movement. IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 2, Jun 1997 Page(s):170 - 178

Susan Sienko Thomas, Carolyn Moore, Claudia Kelp-Lenane, Carolyn Norris: Simulated gait patterns: the resulting effects on gait parameters, dynamic electromyography, joint moments, and physiological cost index. Gait and Posture 4 (1996) pp 100-107

Michael J. Stuart, MD, Dwight A. Meglan, PhD, Gregory E. Lutz, MD, Eric S. Growney, Kai-Nan An, PhD: Comparison of Intersegmental Tibiofemoral Joint Forces and Muscle Activity During Various Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 24:792-799 (1996)

Suzana G Da Costa, Sheila M Denucci: Study of the Brazilian population normal gait pattern: A preliminary work. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp51.

Sylvia Ounpuu, Peter DeLuca, Kathy Bell, Roy Davis: The Evaluation of the Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, and Vastus Lateralis activity in the swing phase of gait in persons with cerebral palsy. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp51.

M. Wooten, F Cordasco, I Wolfe, J.C. Burns, D. Jacobs, L Bigliani: An electromyographic analysis of the shoulder during a medicine ball rehabilitation program. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp52.

Steven Stanhope: A procedure for evaluating gait analysis system performance. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp54.

Mary Weck, George A. Sisson, Wendy Prihoda, Stephen Vankoski, Claudia Kelp-Lenane, Carolyn Moore, Anton Weyers: The effect on gait of an anterior placement of the whole body center of mass. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp56.

Randy Robbins, Nasreen Haideri, Marybeth Ezaki, Sachin Rao, Cecelia Concho: A preoperative planning strategy for the transfer of the long head of the tricep in pediatric patients with arthrogryposis. Presented at NACGLC 1994 Portland OR, Gait and Posture 2 (1994), pp 66.

A. Rozumalski, S. Sohrweide, M. Schwartz: Alternative methods for measuring tibial torsion. Gait & Posture, Volume 24, Pages S26-S28

A. Schache, R. Baker, L. Lamoreux: Defining the knee joint flexion–extension axis for purposes of quantitative gait analysis: An evaluation of methods. Gait & Posture, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 100-109

Thor F. Besier, David G. Lloyd, Jodie L. Cochrane, and Timothy R. Ackland: External loading of the knee joint during running and cutting maneuvers. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

Mary W. Marzke,, N. Toth, K. Schick, S. Reece, B. Steinberg, K. Hunt, R. L. Linscheid, K-N. An: EMG study of hand muscle recruitment during hard hammer percussion manufacture of Oldowan tools. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Volume 105, Issue 3 , Pages 315 - 332

Stephane Armand, Eric Watelain, Emmanuel Rouxe, Moıse Mercier, Francois-Xavier Lepoutre: Linking clinical measurements and kinematic gait patterns of toe-walking using fuzzy decision trees. Gait and Posture

J. Smith, D. Padgett, D. Dahm, K. Kaufman, S. Harrington, D. Morrow, S. Irby: Electromyographic activity in the immobilized shoulder girdle musculature during contralateral upper limb movements. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, Volume 13, Issue 6, Pages 583-588

T.L. Chmielewski, W.J. Hurd and L. Snyder-Mackler: Elucidation of a potentially destabilizing control strategy in ACL deficient non-copers. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Volume 15, Issue 1, Pages 83-92

Lorna Louise Ogden: Coordination of the lower extremity muscles during gait transitions. Thesis, Louisiana State University, Department of Kinesiology.

Mianfang Ruan: Maximize muscle mechanical output during the stretch-shortening cycle - the contribution of preactivation and stretch load. Dissertation, Louisiana State University, Department of Kinesiology.

C. D. Tokuno, M. G. Carpenter, A. Thorstensson, S. J. Garland, A. G. Cresswell: Control of the triceps surae during the postural sway of quiet standing. Acta Physiologica 191 (3), 229–236.

Wei-Li Hsu, MS, Vijaya Krishnamoorthy, PhD, John Peter Scholz, PhD: An alternative test of electromyographic normalization in patients. Muscle & Nerve Volume 33, Issue 2 , Pages 232 - 241

Sai K. Banala, Sunil K. Agrawal, Abbas Fattah, John Scholz, Vijaya Krishnamoorthy, Katherine Rudolph, Wei-Li Hsu: Gravity Balancing Leg Orthosis And Its Performance Evaluation. Department of Physical Therapy University of Delaware

Bryan T. Kelly MD, Riley J. Williams MD, Frank A. Cordasco MD, Sherry I. Backus MA, PT, James C. Otis PhD, Daniel E. Weiland MD, David W. Altchek MD, Edward V. Craig MD, Thomas L. Wickiewicz MD, and Russell F. Warren, MD: Differential patterns of muscle activation in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic rotator cuff tears. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, Volume 14, Number 2

Joshua N. Edmison, Sookyoung Kim, Kevin Liu: Shape Sensing, Context Aware Garment - Wearable & Ubiquitous Computing. Student Project, Virginia Tech.

Gottfrid Linge: Presence in virtual environments with embodied autonomous agents. Master’s Thesis, Umea university, Department of Computing Science.

Erin Taylor, Scott Openshaw, Dr. Vassilios Vardaxis, Shane McClinton: Ergonomic Evaluation Pilot Study Between A Traditional and Reach™ Workstation Using Motion Analysis and Electromyography. AllSteel and Des Moines University’s Division of Physical Therapy.

Michelle J. Johnson, Xin Feng, Laura M. Johnson, Jack M. Winters: Potential of a Suite of Robot/Computer-Assisted Motivating Systems for Personalized, Home-Based, Stroke Rehabilitation. Student Project, Medical College of Wisconsin, Dept. of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.